Changes to labelling for chemical products - information for duty holders

As a duty holder you need to be aware of the changes to labelling for chemical products

CHIP has been replaced by CLP

CHIP is the abbreviated name for the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations.

CHIP has been replaced by the European Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation and was revoked on 1 June 2015

CHIP implemented two European Directives:

The 2009 CHIP Regulations represent the fourth consolidating version of the regulations, which date back to the mid-1970s in earlier versions. Northern Ireland has its own CHIP Regulations which exactly mirror those in GB. Both sets of Regulations:

CHIP helps protect people and the environment from the ill effects of chemicals by requiring suppliers to:

  • identify the hazards (dangers) of the chemicals they supply
  • give information about the chemicals’ hazards to their customers
  • package the chemicals safely

CHIP is well known by chemical suppliers, and many chemical users and consumers will also be familiar with the orange and black hazard symbols which have appeared on chemical products for many years.

CHIP hazard symbols

You will also be familiar with the accompanying warning and safety phrases that appear on CHIP hazard labels.

Examples of current risk and safety phrases are:

  • toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
  • very toxic to aquatic organisms
  • keep locked up and out of reach of children
  • in case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice

Changes to CHIP

The Dangerous Substances Directive and the Dangerous Preparations Directive were replaced by the direct-acting European CLP Regulation. Since 1 June 2015, both Directives were fully withdrawn and no longer have any legal effect. As a result, the CHIP Regulations were also repealed.

Since 1 June 2015, chemical suppliers must comply with the CLP Regulation.

However, there are transitional arrangements in place to help suppliers make the move to the CLP system.

For preparations (known as mixtures under CLP)

Since 1 June 2015 onwards suppliers must classify, label and package preparations / mixtures according to CLP.

For substances

Since 1 June 2015 suppliers must classify, label and package according to CLP.

New CLP pictograms and safety phrases

The CLP hazard pictograms have a new shape, new design and a new colour.  

You can view the new CLP pictograms and safety phrases, for information purposes only, on the following document.

Hazard statements

New hazard statements will replace the CHIP risk phrases. These are standard statements about the nature of hazard and degree of hazard of the substance. Each hazard statement has a corresponding identification code, however this may not be used instead of the written hazard statement on the packaging/safety data sheet and must only be used for reference.

Precautionary statements

New precautionary statements will replace the CHIP safety phrases. This is a brief statement providing measures to undertake to minimise or prevent effects from physical, health or environmental hazards. These include first aid measures and can be a pictogram (see above) or a written statement.

A full list of hazard and precautionary statements is produced by the European Chemical Agency (ECHA).

Signal word

The CLP has introduced a new requirement for labelling – a signal word, either, 'warning' or 'danger' depending on the severity of the hazard.

New duties

There are also new duties like notification to the new 'Classification and Labelling Inventory'.

This is a database that will contain basic classification and labelling information on notified and registered substances received from manufacturers and importers.

CLP guidance

ECHA oversees the CLP Regulation and has published a suite of guidance to help you comply with the Regulation.

You are encouraged to look at this guidance and to understand your new and changing duties.

For more information on CHIP, CLP and REACH in Northern Ireland contact HSENI on:

  • freephone: 0800 0320 121

More information

Candles and CLP